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Advantages and Disadvantages of the Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement is an international treaty on climate change that was adopted by 196 countries in December of 2015. The agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and to pursue efforts to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. While the Paris Agreement is widely seen as a historic achievement towards mitigating the impacts of climate change, it has its share of advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we`ll take a closer look at both.

Advantages of the Paris Agreement

1. Global cooperation: The Paris Agreement represents a landmark achievement in global cooperation, with 196 countries coming together to address a common threat to the planet. This level of cooperation is essential in tackling the complex and far-reaching effects of climate change.

2. Ambitious targets: The Paris Agreement sets ambitious targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, calling for countries to achieve net-zero emissions by around mid-century. These targets are essential in ensuring that the world stays within the 2-degree threshold that scientists say is necessary to prevent the worst effects of climate change.

3. Increased investment in green technologies: The Paris Agreement is expected to drive significant investment in clean energy and other green technologies, as countries work to shift away from fossil fuels and towards renewable energy sources. This investment will create new jobs in the green economy, while also reducing carbon emissions and helping to limit the effects of climate change.

Disadvantages of the Paris Agreement

1. Lack of enforcement: One of the main criticisms of the Paris Agreement is that it lacks any real mechanism for enforcement. While countries are required to submit their own plans for reducing emissions, there are no penalties for those who fail to meet their targets. This lack of enforcement makes it difficult to ensure that countries are taking the necessary steps to reduce their carbon emissions.

2. Insufficient ambition: While the Paris Agreement sets ambitious targets, some critics argue that these are not ambitious enough to prevent the worst effects of climate change. A growing body of research suggests that limiting warming to 2 degrees Celsius may not be enough to prevent some of the most devastating consequences of climate change.

3. Uneven burden-sharing: The Paris Agreement requires developed countries to provide financial support to developing countries to help them transition to a low-carbon economy. However, critics argue that this burden-sharing is uneven, with developed countries not doing enough to support poorer nations in their efforts to combat climate change.


While the Paris Agreement represents a significant step forward in addressing the threat of climate change, it is not without its flaws. The lack of enforcement and insufficient ambition are two key areas of concern, as is the issue of uneven burden-sharing between developed and developing countries. However, the Paris Agreement`s ambitious targets, global cooperation, and increased investment in green technologies are important steps towards limiting the worst effects of climate change. As such, it remains a vital framework for international action on climate change.